Monday, October 20, 2008

Square Root And Cube Root


I scored 81 out of 100 in the first Sanskrit exam that was called ‘Pravesha’.

On the 31st of August, I wrote my second Sanskrit exam. This exam was called “Parichaya”.
I insist on grammatical correctness in every language that I know. I don’t find grammar burdensome at all unlike most other people. I find it simple because it’s scientific.
But this time, I did not study grammar at all.

Although I studied only for 3 days, it was such a pleasure. The syllabus included stories from Kalidasa’s ‘Raghuvamsha’. Also there were riddles and puzzles, humourous couplets called ‘Chatu shlokas’ which happened to be in the lighter vein. And then there were Subhashitas. I will some of them with you.

For now, I have something that may take you by surprise.


The above is a verse by the Indian mathematician Aryabhatta and it was employed to find the square root and cube root of numbers.

This method was not known to the Europeans until 1613 A. D. Unfortunately the world does not acknowledge that the credit goes to Indians.

Ratio and inverse ratio rules were in ancient India. Many scholars believe that these principles went outside India to the West as a consequence of their widespread popularity.

Shunya the Sanskrit word got transformed into ‘Zero’ after it got into Arab vocabulary and later Latin vocabulary.

Shunyam (Sanskrit) -> Sifir (Arabic) -> Zifre/Ciffre (Latin) -> Zero/Cipher (English)

I will post more on Sanskrit later.

3 comments:

Satish said...

This is one of my favourite topics...
Ancient Indian Mathematics, popularly called vedic mathematics is not given the due credit it deserves....What does not it contain... Algebra, Geometry, Trignometery, Calculus.... the list carries on....

One popular example is Pythagarous Theorem, which was widely used to build Havan Kunds(also known as Boudhayana Sulbha Sutra)....

It is also noteworthy that sanskrit is 'the' language which follows the logic of computer programming. This is now used to develop a software by C-DAC to translate from one language to another.....

I can go on and on with wisdom that Vedas contain, though i have just studied few bits and pieces....Eagerly awaiting another follow up post on Sanskrit...

On a lighter vein, there is a verse said by Sri Shankaracharya for grammar...
" BHAJA GOVINDAM, BHAJA GOVINDAM
GOVINDAM BHAJA MUDHAMATE
SAMPRAAPTE SANNIHITE KALE
NA HI NA HI RAKSHATI DUKRINKARANE"

Sowmya said...

Hey Satish,

As I said, you should start a blog...you have so much to write...to share...

Did you know Bhagavadgeetha is a part of MBA syllabus in Germany? According to them, MBA was started by Krishna.. :) And they want to have a patent for Sanskrit.

Its unfortunate that in this damn country Sanskrit is associated with saffronization...and then with a political party... n all that endless crap...

Will post something on Sanskrit every month.. now that I have a reader

Anonymous said...

The whole point of all the work of the Seers was to give without expectation of fame or recognition. The man who composed the Mahabharata and the Brahma Sutras- do we even know his name? Vyasa is just a title, Krishna Dwaipayana just means he was dark and born in an island, Badarayana just means he lived in Badarikaashrama. When absolute reality expresses itself through the agency of a humanbeing,it does so by totally effacing the personality, so that the lesson can be transmitted in full, uncoloured by the agent's prejudices.