Monday, October 20, 2008
Square Root And Cube Root
I scored 81 out of 100 in the first Sanskrit exam that was called ‘Pravesha’.
On the 31st of August, I wrote my second Sanskrit exam. This exam was called “Parichaya”.
I insist on grammatical correctness in every language that I know. I don’t find grammar burdensome at all unlike most other people. I find it simple because it’s scientific.
But this time, I did not study grammar at all.
Although I studied only for 3 days, it was such a pleasure. The syllabus included stories from Kalidasa’s ‘Raghuvamsha’. Also there were riddles and puzzles, humourous couplets called ‘Chatu shlokas’ which happened to be in the lighter vein. And then there were Subhashitas. I will some of them with you.
For now, I have something that may take you by surprise.
The above is a verse by the Indian mathematician Aryabhatta and it was employed to find the square root and cube root of numbers.
This method was not known to the Europeans until 1613 A. D. Unfortunately the world does not acknowledge that the credit goes to Indians.
Ratio and inverse ratio rules were in ancient India. Many scholars believe that these principles went outside India to the West as a consequence of their widespread popularity.
Shunya the Sanskrit word got transformed into ‘Zero’ after it got into Arab vocabulary and later Latin vocabulary.
Shunyam (Sanskrit) -> Sifir (Arabic) -> Zifre/Ciffre (Latin) -> Zero/Cipher (English)
I will post more on Sanskrit later.